Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints and is particularly common in the knee. Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Knee osteoarthritis is a condition where the articular cartilage of the knee joints consistently wears away resulting in exposure of the bone.
The common cause of knee arthritis is aging. When you get older the ability of joint cartilage to regenerate diminishes. Age can weaken the capacity of the knees to survive jerks and uphold the weight of the lower limb. Apart from aging, previous injuries in the knees create structural imbalance disposing the knees towards arthritis.
Common symptoms of knee arthritis include swelling of the knees, tightness in the knees resulting in less flexibility, knee pain after hours of inactivity, and knee pain due to heavy work and long walks.
There is no cure for knee arthritis, but there are a number of treatments that can help relieve the pain. You can make modifications to your lifestyle, such as changing from high impact to low impact activities, minimize activities that aggravate the condition, and lose weight. Anti-inflammatory medications, over-the-counter pain medications and corticosteroids may also be used. Your doctor may recommend surgery if your pain from arthritis causes disability and is not relieved with non-surgical treatment.
Non-surgical treatment for knee arthritis:
- Corticosteroid Injection Therapy
Surgical treatment for knee arthritis: