A herniated disc is a vertebral disc that has broken down to the point where the inner material, called the nucleus, has seeped through the wall of the vertebral disc and is causing pain in the surrounding structures or nerves. A herniated disc can occur in the lower back, the neck, and on rare occasions, in the mid back. It commonly results from age-related weakening of the spinal discs called disc degeneration. It can also result from a traumatic injury or from lifting a heavy object improperly.
Symptoms of a herniated discs are usually nerve related and include numbness, tingling, burning pain, and a loss in reflexes and flexibility. Where the symptoms occur depends on where the herniated disc is located. If it is in the lower back, symptoms will be felt in the lower extremities. If the herniated disc is in the neck, you will feel symptoms in your shoulders, arms, and hands. Your symptoms will worsen as the herniated disc worsens.
Treatment most often begins in a conservative method; incorporating anti-inflammatory medications, ice and heat treatments, exercise, and in some cases, physical therapy. If these treatments are not effect, surgery should be considered.
Non-surgical treatment for herniated disc:
- Epidural Steroid Injection
- Stem Cell Injection Therapy
Surgical treatment for herniated disc:
- Percutaneous Discectomy
- Axial Fusion
- Endoscopic Foraminotomy
- Cervical Disc Replacement
- TLIF (Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion)